Gerunds are verbs that act as nouns.
To find gerunds in sentences, just look for a verb + ing that is used as a noun.
Good news: there are no exceptions to this rule.
Bad news: present participles also end with -ing.
Present participles do not act as nouns, though. Examples of Gerunds
Gerunds have several functions: Function 1: subjects
- Swimming in the ocean has been Elisa's passion since she was five.
- Let's go dancing tonight.
- I delayed telling Steve the bad news.
- Alice decided that flying above the clouds was the most incredible experience she'd ever had.
- Skiing is my favorite sport.
Function 2: objects following prepositions
- Hiking can be very exhausting.
Function 3: objects following certain verbs
- The job consists of typing, filing, and answering the phone.
These verbs are commonly followed by gerunds.
- The children enjoyed watching the parade.
- A friend of mine avoided paying her taxes until it was too late.
advise, anticipate, appreciate, attempt, avoid, can't help, complete, consider, delay, deny, dislike, enjoy, finish, forget, go, hesitate, imagine, intend, keep, like, mention, mind, miss, neglect, postpone, prefer, quit, recall, recollect, recommend, remember, resent, resist, risk, start, suggest, threaten, tolerate, try, understand.